Field bean


Small seeded variety - ideal green manure-, green fodder- and cover crop


  • AVALON is characterized by its low thousand seed weight (TKW) of 300 - 350 g
  • Small seeds allow lower sowing depth together with small seeded partners in blends
  • High biological nitrogen fixation due to symbiosis with Rhizobium bacteria
  • Extended and deep root system with tap root and high biomass improves soil structure and allows nutrient mobilisation in deeper soil zones
  • Valuable partner in cereal/legume blends for whole crop silage
  • Useful accompany plant for winter oilseed rape sowing under high insect pressure

Variety characteristics:

(Officially confirmed or respectively in line with Bundessortenamt)

bad / early / short / low --- good / late / long / high
Thousand grain weight: 3
Beginning of flowering: 6
Plant height: 6
Resistance to lodging: 6
Content of tannin: 1

Crop rotation suitability:

+ suitable / ++ strongly recommended
Maize ++
Cereals ++
Oilseed rape ++
Sugar beets +
Potatoes +
Intensive crops


  • Nitrogen fixation
  • Humus formation
  • Pollinator attractiveness
  • Green manure
  • Protection against erosion
  • Biogas- and fodder production
  • As component suitable for greening blends

Agronomic features:

bad / early / short / low --- good / late / long / high
Weed suppression: 6
Protection against erosion: 6
Ground water protection / Nitrogen conservation: 1
Humus formation: 8
Cold- and frost resistance: 1
Drought tolerance: 2
Rooting depth 140 cm

Cultivation recommendations:

Recommended sowing rate Single-crop sowing: approx. 40 grains / m², Sowing with a partner is recommended
Sowing depth 3 – 6 cm depending on the type of soil
Sowing period June to mid August - depending on location!
Fertilization Fertilization is normally not necessary for cover crop cultivation
Crop protection Usually there is no plant protection required
Sowing method Drill seed is recommended

20.11.2018 11:11:06 // 16.00 - Breeder: P. H. Petersen Saatzucht Lundsgaard GmbH


Optimized pdf for print:

Cover Cropping: A guide to varieties, blends and their benefits


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